Product Description

Overview

The HyStem-IRG QuickSet Kit is composed of Glycosil® (thiolmodified hyaluronic acid), Gelin-S® (thiol-modified gelatin), PEGCure (PEG-norbornene) and Irgacure 2959 Photoinitiator for photoinitiation. A transparent hydrogel forms after contents are mixed and exposed to UV light (365 nm). All vials are packaged as sterile lyophilized solids that are blanketed by argon and under a slight vacuum.

As one of the first hyaluronic acid-based light-controlled hydrogels, the HyStem®-IRG QuickSet Kit supports 3D cell culture for use in tissue engineering and small scale bioprinting applications. The HyStem®-IRG QuickSet Kit provides increased temporal and spatial control making it ideal for micro-scale bioprinting. Gelation occurs after 30-60 seconds when exposed to ultraviolet light as compared to ~30 minutes using other hydrogel formulations.

Features

  • Enables faster, flexible gelation times
  • Controlled by UV light
  • Optimized for micro-scale bioprinting applications
  • Maintains standard characteristics of other HyStem hydrogels

The HyStem® UV QuickSet kit is composed of HyStem (thiol-modified hyaluronic acid), Gelin-S® (thiol-modified gelatin), UVlink™ (PEG-norbornene), Irgacure 2959 for photoinitiation, and DG water. A transparent hydrogel forms when contents are mixed and exposed to UV light. All vials are packaged as sterile lyophilized solids that are blanketed by argon and under a slight vacuum.

Directions for Use

INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE (Download the full directions for use PDF here)

The Irgacure solution is prepared by dissolving the lyophilized solid in DG Water. The Glycosil, Gelin-S, and PEGCure are reconstituted with the Photoinitiator solution. A 7.5 mL hydrogel at 1% (w/v) solution is produced when all reconstituted materials are mixed.

HyStem hydrogels (3 x 2.5 mL = 7.5 mL) should be prepared as follows:

  1. Allow Glycosil, Gelin-S, PEGCure, irgacure, and DG Water vials to come to room temprerature.
  2. Under aseptic conditions, use a syringe to add 10.0 mL of DG Water to the Irgacure Photoinitiator vial. Shake or vortex the vial at 37°C for 30 minutes or until fully dissolved.
  3. Add 1.0 mL of the reconstituted Photoinitiator to the Glycosil vial. Add 1.0 mL of the Photoinitiator solution to the Gelin-S vial.
  4. Place both vials horizontally on a rocker or shaker. Shake vials at 37°C for 30 minutes or until fully dissolved. It may take up to 60 minutes for the solids to fully dissolve.

Solutions should be clear and slightly viscous.

  1. Add 0.5 mL of Photoinitiator to the PEGCure vial. Place on a shaker and mix at 37°C for approximately 10 minutes.
  2. Combine the Glycosil, Gelin-S, and PEGCure solutions and mix well.
  3. Pipette solution into desired format (i.e. 96 well plate). Using a hand-held UV light source, expose the gel to the UV light (wavelength 365nm) until the gel reaches the desired stiffness. Gelation will occur between 15 seconds and 1 minute. Results may vary depending on the UV source manufacturer and/or plate design

Note: Gelation time and gel stiffness can be adjusted by varying the concentration of Glycosil, GelinS, or UVlink.

Note: Each kit component has been manufactured under aseptic conditions and tested for bacteria and fungus.

Product Q & A

Globular particles less than 75 kDa should be able to freely diffuse through a HyStem hydrogel.

When reconstituted using DG water, the pH of each HyStem component will be approximately 7.4-7.6.

One year from the date of receipt, if stored properly.

Any sterile, deionized, degassed water can be substituted for reconstitution. However, in order to ensure accurate and predictable dissolution and gelation times, our DG Water is highly recommended, as it is degassed, blanketed in argon, and has undergone validation testing with each HyStem component.

Gelin-S provides cellular attachment sites when incorporated in the hydrogel. Gelin-S is thiol-modified, denatured collagen I, derived from either bovine or porcine sources. Gelin-S is included in all HyStem-C and HyStem-HP kits.

Gelin-S has been thiol-modified in the same manner as the hyaluronan in Glycosil (or Heprasil), so that it covalently crosslinks with the Extralink in the HyStem hydrogels.

Yes. Peptides that contain a cysteine residue can be used. The cysteine residue must be present for the peptide to be covalently bonded to the hydrogel substrate.

Yes. ECM proteins, such as laminin, collagen, fibronectin, or vitronectin can be non-covalently incorporated into the hydrogel prior to crosslinking.

HyStem hydrogels and sponges differ in hydration and homogeneity. HyStem sponges are typically polymerized hydrogels that are subsequently freeze-dried. The resulting sponge is a fibrous, mesh network with pores and niches that enable cells to infiltrate and adhere. A true HyStem hydrogel is an encapsulating liquid that polymerizes around suspended cells in culture.

No. The compliance of the hydrogels is set by the amount of Extralink crosslinker added, the concentration of Glycosil (or Heprasil) and Gelin-S used, and the ratio of Glycosil (or Heprasil) to Gelin-S. Once this chemical structure of the hydrogel is fixed, it is not altered by prolonged exposure to cell culture medium.

HyStem sponges can be terminally sterilized by E-beam. HyStem hydrogels have not yet been validated for use with E-beam sterilization methods. HyStem hydrogels are not terminally sterilized by gamma irradiation.

Gelation time is affected by multiple aspects of the gel’s composition.

One way to change the gelation time of a hydrogel is to vary the amount of crosslinker used. Gels with a lower amount of Extralink crosslinker will have a longer gelation time than those with a higher amount of crosslinker. Changing the amount of crosslinker will produce slight changes in gelation time.

Gelation time can be dramatically changed by varying the Glycosil (or Heprasil) and Gelin-S concentrations. Concentrated solutions of Glycosil (or Heprasil) and Gelin-S will create a solution with a much shorter gelation time. This can easily be done by reconstituting the components in a smaller volume of DG Water. Alternatively, diluting these components in larger volumes of DG Water will dramatically increase the total time to form the hydrogel.

HyStem Hydrogels are virtually transparent and should not interfere with microscopy.

HyStem hydrogels may generate mild inflammation as part of the body’s natural healing process in response to injury. HyStem hydrogels do not trigger immune response when used in vivo. (These products are not for human use)

HyStem is degraded in vivo by matrix metalloproteinases (collagenases) and hyaluronidases.

Trypsin, Dipase, collagenase, and hyaluronidase have been used to help detach cells from the surface or from within HyStem hydrogels.

In general, the pore size for HyStem-C and HyStem-HP hydrogels is ~17 nm. 

Product Applications

General Notes for Bioprinting with HyStem®-IRG QuickSet Kit:

The following guidelines were developed for a modified Bioforce Nano eNabler™ and exact requirements and parameters will vary between platforms and applications. While other platforms have not been evaluated, any system capable of liquid handling and amenable to UV exposure should be easily adaptable for the HyStem®-IRG QuickSet matrix.

• High relative humidity (>90%) is required in the printing chamber to prevent desiccation of printed constructs.

• If printing live cells, verify that the surface patterning tool or print head is large enough to accommodate cells (approximately 50-100 µm).

• Where possible, UV/ozone treatment of printing tools to enhance hydrophilic nature of the printing channel materials can improve consistency in printing.

• The matrix is a clear liquid with minimally increased viscosity compared to water at room temperature. Upon exposure to 365nm UV light, rapid polymerization occurs resulting in a viscoelastic solid. A 4W handheld UV lamp held approximately 2 cm from the surface of the gel is sufficient to polymerize a gel in as little as 15 seconds.

• Conducting a small pilot study to determine the appropriate exposure time for a given application is strongly recommended as matrix stiffness is directly correlated to exposure time and can impact survivability, proliferation, and differentiation.

Note: The HyStem®-IRG QuickSet Kit has not been thoroughly evaluated for thick, multilayer constructs.

Product References

References for HyStem®:

Gaetani, R., et al. (2015) Epicardial application of cardiac progenitor cells in a 3D-printed gelatin/hyaluronic acid patch preserves cardiac function after myocardial infarction. Biomaterials 61: 339-348. PMID: 17335875.

Prestwich, G.D., et al. (2007) 3-D culture in synthetic extracellular matrices: new tissue models for drug toxicology and cancer drug discovery. Adv Enzyme Regul 47: 196-207. PMID: 17335875.

Shu, X.Z., et al. (2006) Synthesis and evaluation of injectable, in situ crosslinkable synthetic extracellular matrices for tissue engineering. J Biomed Mater Res A 79: 901-912. PMID: 16941590.

Shu, X.Z., et al. (2003) Disulfide-crosslinked hyaluronan-gelatin hydrogel films: a covalent mimic of the extracellular matrix for in vitro cell growth. Biomaterials 24: 3825-3834. PMID: 12818555.

S. Cai, et al. (2005) Injectable glycosaminoglycan hydrogels for controlled release of human basic fibroblast growth factor.Biomaterials, 26, 6054-6067.

D. B. Pike, et al. (2006) Heparin-regulated release of growth factors in vitro and angiogenic response in vivo to implanted hyaluronan hydrogels containing VEGF and bFGF. Biomaterials, 27, 5242–5251.

G. D. Prestwich, et al. (2007) 3-D Culture in Synthetic Extracellular Matrices: New Tissue Models for Drug Toxicology and Cancer Drug Discovery. invited, Adv. Enz. Res., in press (2007).

X. Z. Shu, et al, (2006) Synthesis and Evaluation of Injectable, In Situ Crosslinkable Synthetic Extracellular Matrices (sECMs) for Tissue Engineering. J. Biomed Mater. Res. A, 79A(4), 901-912.

Shu, X.Z., et al. (2004) In situ crosslinkable hyaluronan hydrogels for tissue engineering. Biomaterials 25: 1339-1348. PMID: 14643608. 

Mehra, T.D., et al. (2006) Molecular stenting with a crosslinked hyaluronan derivative inhibits collagen gel contraction. J Invest Dermatol 126: 2202-2209. PMID: 16741511. 

Shu, X.Z., et al. (2004) Attachment and spreading of fibroblasts on an RGD peptide-modified injectable hyaluronan hydrogel. J Biomed Mater Res A 68: 365-375. PMID: 14704979. 

Ghosh, K., et al. (2007) Cell adaptation to a physiologically relevant ECM mimic with different viscoelastic properties. Biomaterials 28: 671-679. PMID: 17049594.

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Safety and Documentation

Certificate of Origin

Safety Data Sheet

Product Disclaimer

This product is for R&D use only and is not intended for human or other uses. Please consult the Material Safety Data Sheet for information regarding hazards and safe handling practices.