Product Description

Advanced BioMatrix offers PhotoHA®, a methacrylated hyaluronic acid (HAMA) for photocrosslinkable hydrogels. These hydrogels provide native-like 3D HA gels with the unique attributes to be prepared at various concentrations and photocrosslinked to provide various gel stiffness. 

Item Catalog Number Photoinitiator Included
PhotoHA #5212 N/A
PhotoHA + Irgacure #5220 Irgacure (365nm)
PhotoHA + LAP #5274 LAP (405nm)
PhotoHA + Ruthenium #5275 Ruthenium (400-450)


Hyaluronic acid is the most abundant glycosaminoglycan in the body being an important component of several tissues throughout the body. While it is abundant in extracellular matrices, hyaluronic acid also contributes to tissue hydrodynamics, movement and proliferation of cells, and participates in a number of cell surface receptor interactions.

For the majority of cell types, it is recommended to add additional ECM proteins to the hyaluronic acid hydrogels. The proteins provide important cell binding sites.

Once solubilized, the PhotoHA® can be stored at 2-10°C for 1 month.

Parameter, Testing, and Method Methacrylated Hyaluronic Acid #5212
Sterilization Method Filtration
Sterility - USP modified No growth
Form Lyophilized Powder
Package Size 100 mg
Storage Temperature -20°C
Shelf Life Minimum of 6 months from date of receipt
Shelf Life After Reconstitution 1 Month
Degree of Methacrylation 45-65%
Molecular Weight 100-150 kDa

NMR Analysis


Hydrogel Young's Modulus E (Pa)



Swelling Characteristics of PhotoHA®:

50 μL hydrogels fabricated in 4.7 mm diameter molds were imaged before and after incubation in phosphate buffered saline at 25°C for 24 hours. The diameter of hydrogels were quantified using ImageJ software. Statistical comparisons between groups (n=3) were performed via one-way ANOVA with post hoc testing and significance determined at p < 0.05. 


Compressive Modulus of PhotoHA®:

Dynamic mechanical analysis (Q800, TA Instruments) was performed on 50 μL hydrogels fabricated in 4.7 mm diameter molds. Hydrogels were secured within a fluid cup via a 0.01 N pre-load and compressed to 30% strain at a rate of 0.5 N min-1. The Young’s modulus of each hydrogel was calculated as the slope of generated stress-strain curves between 10% and 20% strain. Statistical comparison between MeHA concentrations (n=3) was performed via Students t-test with two-tailed criteria and significance determined at p < 0.05. 


Reaction Behavior of PhotoHA®:

Rheological time sweeps (AR2000 stress controlled rheometer, TA Instruments; 0.5% strain, 1 Hz, 25°C) of MeHA crosslinking with exposure to UV light (=320-390 nm) and in the presence of 0.05 wt% Irgacure 2959 (I2959). After 1 minute, the macromer solution (i.e. MeHA and I2959) was exposed to UV light, resulting in the plateau of moduli before 5 minutes.

Directions for Use

Download the full PDF version

Download the full PDF version (Irgacure)

Download the full Directions for Use PDF (LAP)

Download the full PDF version (Ruthenium)

 NOTE: For LAP photoinitiator, the basic recommendations will result in a ~0.03% final LAP concentration. For some applications, such as DLP printing, the final LAP concentration should be increased to ~0.25-0.5% to accelerate and improve crosslinking. 

Product Q & A

Yes. There are quite a few publications citing various hyaluronidase protocols for digesting PhotoHA hydrogels. Here are a few:

The HA we use comes from biotechnological production, where the hyaluronic acid is extracted from the cell walls of the bacteria Streptococcus zooepidemicus.

The top represents PhotoHA-Stiff (HAMA). The bottom represents PhotoHA-Soft (GMHA).



Product Cell Assay

Human mesenchymal stem cells (20 x 106 / mL) were encapsulated in 50 μL hydrogels (~ 4.7 mm x 2 mm). Hydrogels (1 wt% PhotoHA®) were fabricated with 0.05 wt% Irgacure 2959 and exposure to 2 mW/cm2 light (320-390 nm) for 10 minutes.  After 24 hours, encapsulated cells were stained with calcein AM and ethidium homodimer and subsequently imaged on a Leica SP5 confocal microscope (using FITC/TRITC sequential scans).

Product Applications

Read our Methacrylated Extracellular Matrices eBrochure Here

PhotoHA® Methacrylated Hyaluronic acid can be used to form hydrogels for ex-vivo engineering of autologous cartilage tissue[1] or as a mesenchymal stem cell carrier in cartilage repair[2].

Because the stiffness can be widely adjusted by altering concentration or UV-light exposure, methacrylated HA has been used to measure the effects of matrix stiffness on cell phenotype and function[3][4].

Methacrylated HA can be used for 3D bioprinting (extrusion[5], inkjet[5] and photolithographic[6]) to create structures that promote osteogenic differentiation of MSC’s[7].

The high tunability of hyaluronic acid methacrylate allows it to be mixed with, and reinforce other types of hydrogels (such as collagen, or gelatin methacrylate)[8].










Product References

References for PhotoHA®:

Khetan, Sudhir, and Owen Corey. "Maintenance of stem cell viability and differentiation potential following cryopreservation within 3-dimensional hyaluronic acid hydrogels." Cryobiology(2019).

Poldervaart, M. T. et al. 3D bioprinting of methacrylated hyaluronic acid (MeHA) hydrogel with intrinsic osteogenicity. Plos One12,(2017).

Product Certificate of Analysis

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Product Disclaimer

This product is for R&D use only and is not intended for human or other uses. Please consult the Material Safety Data Sheet for information regarding hazards and safe handling practices.